System-Activity Approach in Physics Course at Technological University on the Example of the Section “Magnetismˮ

Original article

DOI: 10.15293/1812-9463.2203.08

 

 

Zubova Natalia Valeryevna

Moscow State University of Technology and Management named after K. G. Razumovsky (The First Cossack University), Moscow, Russia

AbstractModern trends in the development of Russian society define new tasks for the education system, one of which is the active involvement of students in the practical activities of the discipline being studied. We propose the introduction of a system-activity approach to teaching physics at technological university. The advantages of the approach presented include its consistency and productivity, more individual and flexible character in comparison with traditional training. The most important component of the system-activity approach of teaching physics is a properly structured sequence of educational activities that organizes the development of the studied material; the acquisition of skills to perform computational tasks; the implementation of experimental activities and receiving research products. The implementation of the system-activity approach is considered on the example of the section “Magnetismˮ of the physics course. The purpose of the study. Determination of the specifics of using a system-activity approach in the process of teaching students at a technological university. Methodology (materials and methods). In the course of the research, methods of studying and analyzing psychological, pedagogical and methodological literature, generalizing pedagogical experience of using a system-activity approach in the process of teaching physics were used. Results. The article presents a meaningful model of a system-activity approach in teaching physics and describes the possibilities of its usage as an effective approach in the process of teaching students at technological university. An example of the usage of a system-activity approach in teaching physics from the section “Magnetismˮ in the form of an algorithm for the work of students to obtain a research product is presented. The effective usage of the approach in educational activities by the method of statistical verification of the student T-criterion at technological university is reasoned. The conclusion is made that the system-activity approach allows to combine cognitive, developmental and motivational functions; to identify professional knowledge, skills and methods of activity, personal qualities, the system of professional values of students at technological university.

Keywordsteaching physics, system-activity approach, higher education, students of
a technological university, magnetism, magnetic field, induction, tension.

For citationZubova N. V. System-Activity Approach in Physics Course at Technological University on the Example of the Section “Magnetismˮ. Journal of Pedagogical Innovations, 2022, no. 3 (67), pp. 78–89. (In Russ.) DOI: https://doi.org/10.15293/1812-9463.2203.08

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Information about the Author

Natalia V. Zubova – Candidate of Pedagogical Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of Physics, https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8112-1378, n.v.zubova@mgutm.ru