Study of Manifestations of Communicative Initiative and the Formation of Speech Means in Young Children

Original article

DOI: 10.15293/1812-9463.2304.07


Tatyana R. Tenkacheva

Ural State Pedagogical University, Ekaterinburg, Russia

Alexandra V. Bekhtereva

Ural State Pedagogical University, Ekaterinburg, Russia


AbstractMany researchers in recent decades have turned to studying the problem of developing communication skills in young children. The interest of scientists in this problem is due to the large percentage of children with consequences of perinatal pathology of the central nervous system. The article presents the results of an empirical study of communication skills in young children, conducted from October 2019 to March 2021. At the first stage of the study, statistical data on the children’s medical history provided by the early assistance service was analyzed. At the next stages, the skills of interaction between parents and the child were studied for the development of his communicative activity, the communicative initiative and speech means were analyzed in young children with “normal” communicative development and in children at risk. The aim of the study is to study the skills of interaction between adults and child for the development of his communicative activity, as well as the manifestation of communicative initiative and the formation of speech means in young children for the subsequent development of an innovative methodology for developing communication skills in children in natural life situations. Based on the results of the experimental study, the following data were obtained: in the group of children with “normal” speech development, 42,6 % of participants demonstrated an optimal level of development of communication skills, and 1 participant did not demonstrate critical level of development of these skills; in the group of children with disorders of communicative development, the majority showed critical level of development of communication skills (84,3 %) and only 9,2 % demonstrated an optimal level.

Keywordsearly help, children at risk, perinatal lesion, early age, speech development, communication development.

For Citation: Tenkacheva T. R., Bekhtereva A. V. Study of Manifestations of Communicative Initiative and the Formation of Speech Means in Young Children. Journal of Pedagogical Innovations, 2023, no. 4 (72), pp. 86–95. (In Russ.) DOI:



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Information about the Authors

Tatyana R. Tenkacheva – Candidate of Pedagogical Sciences, Associate Professor of Department of Special Pedagogy and Special Psychology, Ural State Pedagogical University, Ekaterinburg, Russia,,

Alexandra V. Bekhtereva – Postgraduate Student of Department of Speech Therapy and Clinic of Dysontogenesis, Ural State Pedagogical University, Ekaterinburg, Russia,


Authorsʼ contribution: Authors have all made an equivalent contribution to preparing the article for publication.

The authors declare no conflict of interest.


Received: 10.08.2023; approved after peer review: 18.10.2023; accepted for publication: 02.11.2023.