Route “Roads of Memory”: Resource of the Commemorative Practice on the Places of Hostilities on the Territory of Russia and Belarus (1941–1945)

УДК 378:94+374+355/359+94(571)”1941/1945”

DOI: 10.15293/1812-9463.2302.09

Anna O. Kationova

Novosibirsk State Pedagogical University, Novosibirsk, Russia

AbstractThis article is devoted to the description of the implementation of the route “Roads of Memory” as format of historical “immersion” in the research material that contributes to the reconstruction of social memory about the events of the Great Patriotic War, the phenomenon of human losses during the War, the formation of the meaning of this phenomenon and the veneration of humanistic value. This commemorative practice turned out to be extremely understandable and successful in the format of research objectives of the archival search team. In July 2019, group of students with professor, in connection with the 75th anniversary of the liberation of the Byelorussian SSR territory from the invaders, went to the Republic of Belarus in order to visit the brotherly burials where the remains of Siberians rest. The commemoration was called “Roads of Memory” and covered the route from Novosibirsk through Moscow to Smolensk – Roslavl – Minsk – Vitebsk. The participants visited the burial sites of Red Army soldiers who died in battles during the Great Patriotic War or in concentration camps. The study used set of complementary methods that contribute both to the effectiveness of the search and to the professional promotion of the participants of the archival search team. The narration of the events described by the route “Roads of Memory” is combination of diary essay and storytelling, in the tradition of the narrative approach.

Keywordssocial memory, commemorative practice, the Great Patriotic War, liberation of Belarus, Siberian warriors, brotherly burial, route “Roads of Memory”, narrative approach, “places of memory”.

For CitationKationova A. O. Route “Roads of Memory”: Resource of the Commemorative Practice on the Places of Hostilities on the Territory of Russia and Belarus (1941–1945). Journal of Pedagogical Innovations, 2022, no. 2 (70), pp. 85–98. (In Russ.) DOI:

Funding: The study was carried out within the framework of the project “Development of scientific and methodological support for the preparation of class studies and curators of student groups in the context of an education programˮ, which is being implemented as part of the financial support of the Ministry of Education of the Russian Federation, in state assignment No. 073-03-2023-027 of 27.01.2023.



1. Erokhina E. A. Institutes of Public Memory in the Discursive Space of Neotradition: The Novosibirsk Case. Historical Courier, 2022, no. 1 (21), pp. 45–54. (In Russian) DOI:

2. Hutton P. H. Philosophical Reflections on the Ways of Memory and History. History and Theory, 2018, vol. 57, issue 2, pp. 292–305. DOI:

3. Kansteiner W. Finding Meaning in Memory: A Methodological Critique of Collective Memory Studies. History and Theory, 2002, vol. 41, issue 2, pp. 179–197. DOI:

4. Cyr T. G., Hirst W. Reflections on Conversations and Memory. Topics in Cognitive Science, 2019, vol. 11, issue 4, pp. 831–837. DOI:

5. Salvio P. M. Teaching Against Omnipotence: Mussoliniʼs Racial Laws and the Ethics of Memory in Times of Neofascism. Educational Theory, 2022, vol. 72, issue 5, pp. 575–593. DOI:

6. Heux L., Rathbone C., Gensburger S., Clifford R., Souchay C. Collective Memory and Autobiographical Memory: Perspectives from the Humanities and Cognitive Sciences. WIREs Cognitive Science, 2022, vol. 14, issue 3. DOI:

7. Mason R., Suchoples J. Representations of War in Films and Novels. New York, 2015, 257 p. DOI:

8. Kationov O. N., Kationova A. O., Mayer B. O. Literary Works of Front-line Writers in the Education of Modern Youth. Science for Education Today, 2019, vol. 9, issue 6, pp.107–120. (In Russian) DOI:

9. Alieva S. A., Zakaryaeva S. Z., Omarov O. N., Radjabova R. V., Kimpaeva E. A., Gadjieva P. D. Scientific and Pedagogical Bases of Civic and Patriotic Upbringing of Young Students. Journal of Educational and Social Research, 2019, vol. 9, issue 3, pp. 160–169. DOI:

10. Ilyin E. V. Formation of Historical Memory in the USSR and Russia as a Way of Self-Identification of the Nation. Questions of history, 2021, no. 4-2, pp. 4–12. (In Russian)

11. Filatov D. N. Participation of the Volgograd Regional Komsomol Organization in the All-Union campaign of Komsomol Members and Youth to Places of Revolutionary, Military and Labor Glory of the Soviet People as one of the Forms of Memorial Protection Activities [Electronic resource]. Innovative science, 2016, no. 3, pp. 90–91. URL: (date of access: 12.02.2023). (In Russian)

12. Zhuravlev V. A. Development of the Search Movement in Russia: Regulatory Aspect [Electronic resource]. News of the Volgograd State Pedagogical University, 2018, no. 4 (127), pp. 226–233. URL: (date of access: 12.02.2023). (In Russian)

13. Popov A. Memory of the Great Patriotic War in the Ideological Paradigm of Soviet Tourism. Modern problems of service and tourism, 2010, no. 3, pp. 43–48. URL: (date of access: 12.02.2023). (In Russian)

14. Gongaware T. B. Collective Memory Anchors: Collective Identity and Continuity in Social Movements. Sociological Focus, 2010, vol. 43, issue 3, pp. 214–239. DOI: https: //

15. Sabancheev R. Yu. Pierre Nora’s Concept of «Sites of Memory» as Amethod of Historical Reconstruction [Electronic resource]. Humanitarian Research in the Eastern Siberia and the Far East, 2018, no. 1, pp. 33–38. URL: (date of access: 12.02.2023). (In Russian)

16. Lysikova O. V. Tourism as Development of Space-Time: Mobility of Collective Memory [Electronic resource]. Theory and Practice of Social Development, 2011, no. 7,
pp. 95–100. URL: (date of access: 12.02.2023). (In Russian)

Information about the Author

Anna O. Kationova – Candidate of Pedagogical Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of Pedagogy and Psychology of the Institute of History, Humanities and Social Education, Novosibirsk State Pedagogical University, Novosibirsk, Russia,,

Received: 20.02.2023; approved after peer review: 13.05.2023; accepted for publication: 26.05.2023.