Perevozkina Julia Mikhailovna
Dr. Sci. (Psychol.), Assoc. Prof., Holder of Chair of Practical and Special Psychology, Novosibirsk State Pedagogical University, Novosibirsk. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Perevozkin Sergey Borisovich
Cand. Sci. (Psychol.), Assoc. Prof. of Chair of General Psychology and History of Psychology, Novosibirsk State Pedagogical University, Novosibirsk. E-mail: email@example.com
INFLUENCE OF STUDENTS ‘ ROLE IDENTITY
ON LEARNING MOTIVATION
Problem and Purpose. The article deals with the problem of the conflict in the family between spouses, which subsequently has a destructive relationship for children. Purpose ‒ to determine the joint influence of the separation of one of the parents and the child and family conflict on child maladjustment and deviation
Analyzed, available in scientific research, the presence of conflicting data. So in
a number of works it is argued that family conflict is a central predictor for the occurrence of deviant behavior in children. Several other studies demonstrate the effect of parent-child separation on childhood deviation. To eliminate these contradictions, a study was carried out, involving the study of the joint influence of the above factors on the deviant behavior of adolescents. As an empirical group, there were 89 children registered in connection with committed crimes (theft, fights, etc.) and their parents, who filled out a special questionnaire in the amount of 158 people.
A statistically significant joint effect of two factors was found, which was differentiated (p <0.05). When a child and a parent are separated, adolescents have more pronounced negativism, verbal and physical aggression, and with a high level of family conflict, adolescents are characterized by a greater tendency to violate social norms and rules, a high propensity for addictive behavior and pronounced indirect aggression.
The study made it possible to draw an important conclusion that both family conflict and separation from parents predetermine the child’s behavioral and emotional problems. At the same time, parental separation does not increase the adolescent’s deviant behavior if the level of family conflict is low.
Keywords: family, conflict, parents, separation, deviant behavior, adolescents.
1. Andronnikova O. O, Perevozkina J. M., Veterok E. V. Family relations as determinants of addictive and suicidal personality behavior. Questions of mental health of children and adolescents, 2016. vol. 16 (4). pp. 12-21.
2. Kashapov M. M., Perevozkina J. M., Perevozkin S. B., Kashapov A. S. Specificity of the development of role expectations in the process of personality formation. Siberian pedagogical journal, 2020. (2). pp. 127-140.
3. Perevozkin S. B., Andronnikova O. O., Perevozkina J. M. The role structure of adolescents in interpersonal interaction. Novosibirsk State Pedagogical University Bulletin, 2018. Vol. 8 (1). pp. 23-44.
4. Perevozkina J. M., Veterok E. V. Configuration of role models and expectations in preschool age. SMALTA. 2020. (3). pp. 62-71.
5. Amato P. R. Children of divorce in the 1990s: An update of the Amato and Keith (1991) meta-analysis. Journal of Family Psychology: JFP : Journal of the Division of Family Psychology of the American Psychological Association (Division 43), 2001. vol. 15 (3), pp. 355–370. DOI 10.1037/0893-3126.96.36.1995
6. Amato P. D., DeBoer D. D. The transmission of marital instability across generations: Relationship skills or commitment to marriage? Journal of Marriage and Family, 2001. vol. 63 (4), pp. 1038–1051. DOI: 10.1111/j.1741-3737.2001.01038.x
7. Amato P. R., Afifi T. D. Feeling caught between parents: Adult children’s relations with parents and subjective well-being. Journal of Marriage and Family, 2006. vol. 68 (1), pp. 222–235. DOI:10.1111/j.1741-3737.2006.00243.x 8. Amato P. R., Kane J. B., James S. Reconsidering the «Good Divorce». Family Relations, 2011. vol. 60 (5), pp. 511–524. DOI:10.1111/j.1741-3729.2011.00666.x
9. Bhrolch M. N. ‘Divorce Effects’ and causality in the social sciences. European Sociological Review, 2001. vol. 17(1), pp. 33–57. DOI: 10.1093/esr/17.1.33
10. Camisasca E., Miragoli S., Di Blasio P. Families with distinct levels of marital conflict and child adjustment: Which role for maternal and paternal stress? Journal of Child and Family Studies, 2016. vol. 25 (3), pp. 733–745. DOI:10.1007/s10826-015-0261-0
11. Davies P. T., Hentges R. F., Coe J. L., Martin M. J., Sturge-Apple M. L., Cummings E. M. The multiple faces of interparental conflict: Implications for cascades of children’s insecurity and externalizing problems. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 2016. vol. 125 (5), pp. 664–678. DOI: 10.1037/abn0000170
12. De Los Reyes A., Youngstrom E. A., Pabon S. C., Youngstrom J. K., Feeny N. C., Findling R. L. Internal consistency and associated characteristics of informant discrepancies in clinic referred youths age 11 to 17 years. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 2011. vol. 40 (1), pp. 36–53. DOI: 10.1080/15374416.2011.533402
13. Felitti V. J., Anda R. F. The relationship of adverse childhood experiences to adult health, well-being, social function, and health care. In: R. Lanius, E. Vermetten, & C. Pain (Eds.). The effects of early life trauma on health and disease: The hidden epidemic. Cambridge, USA: Cambridge University Press, 2010. pp. 77-87.
14. Kelly J. B., Emery R. E. Children’s adjustment following divorce: Risk and resilience perspectives. Family Relations, (2003). vol. 52 (4), pp. 352–362. DOI: 10.1111/j.1741-3729.2003.00352.x
15. Kelly J. B., Lamb M. E. Using child development research to make appropriate custody and access decisions for young children. Family Court Review, 2000. vol. 38 (3), pp. 297–311. DOI: 10.1111/j.174-1617.2000.tb00577.x
16. Lansford J. E., Malone P. S., Dodge K. A., Crozier J. C., Pettit G. S. & Bates J. E. A 12-year prospective study of patterns of social information processing problems and externalizing behaviors. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 2006. vol. 34 (5), pp. 715–724. DOI: 10.1007 / s10802-006-9057-4
17. Laurin J. C., Joussemet M., Tremblay R. E., Boivin M. Early forms of controlling parenting and the development of childhood anxiety. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 2015. vol. 24 (11), pp. 3279–3292. DOI: 10.1007/s10826-015-0131-9
18. McIntosh J. Enduring conflict in parental separation: Pathways of impact on child development. Journal of Family Studies, 2003. vol. 9 (1), pp. 63–80. DOI: 10.5172/jfs.9.1.63
19. McLanahan S., Tach L., Schneider D. The causal effects of father absence. Annual Review of Sociology, 2013. vol. 39 (1), pp. 399–427. DOI: 10.1146/annurev-soc-071312-145704
20. Pardini D. A. Novel insights into longstanding theories of bidirectional parent–Child influences: Introduction to the special section. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 2008.vol. 36(5), 627–631. DOI:10.1007/s10802-008-9231-y
21. Pendry P., Adam E. K. Child-related interparental conflict in infancy predicts child cognitive functioning in a nationally representative sample. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 2013. vol. 22 (4), pp. 502–515. DOI: 10.1007/s10826-012-9603-3
22. Schermerhorn A. C., Cummings E. M., DeCarlo C. A., Davies P. T. Children’s influence in the marital relationship. Journal of Family Psychology, 2007. vol. 21 (2), pp. 259–269. DOI: 10.1037/0893-3188.8.131.529
23. Schoppe-Sullivan S. J., Schermerhorn A. C., Cummings E. M. Marital conflict and children’s adjustment: evaluation of the parenting process model. Journal of Marriage and Family, 2007. vol. 69 (5), pp. 1118–1134. DOI: 10.1111/j.1741-3737.2007.00436.x
24. Stadelmann S., Perren S., Groeben M., von Klitzing K. Parental separation and children’s behavioral/emotional problems: The impact of parental representations and family conflict. Family Process, 2010. vol. 49 (1), pp. 92–108. DOI: 10.1111/j.1545-5300.2010.01310.x
25. Strohschein L. Parental divorce and child mental health trajectories. Journal of Marriage and Family, 2005. vol. 67 (5), pp. 1286–1300. DOI: 10.1111/j.1741-3737.2005.00217.x
26. Sturge-Apple M. L., Davies P. T., Cummings E. M. Typologies of family functioning and children’s adjustment during the early school years. Child Development, 2010. vol. 81 (4), pp. 1320–1335. DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-8624.2010.01471.x
27. Weaver J. M., Schofield T. J. Mediation and moderation of divorce effects on children’s behavior problems. Journal of Family Psychology, 2015. vol. 29 (1), pp. 39–48. DOI: 10.1037/fam0000043