Dobromil Yanina Yurievna
Senior Lecturer, Department of Theory and Methods of Pedagogical and Defectological Education, Pacific National University, Khabarovsk.
E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org. ORCID: 0000-0001-7818-2113
Ivashchenko Yana Sergeevna
Doctor of Cultural Studies, Professor of the Department of Education Management, Novosibirsk State Pedagogical University; Professor of the Department of History
and Political Science, Novosibirsk State Technical University, Novosibirsk.
E-mail: email@example.com. ORCID: 0000-0001-5721-9634
DIFFERENTIATED APPROACH IN SPEECH THERAPY OF PRESCHOOL CHILDREN WITH AUTISM SPECTRUM DISORDERS
The article presents a description of a differentiated approach in the development of the content of individual speech therapy support for preschool children with autism spectrum disorders. The need to develop individualized routes of speech therapy support is due to the heterogeneity of this category of children. Taking into account the initial state of speech development contributed to the formation of speech skills available at this stage of development and possible for each group of autistic children. The use of such an approach in correctional practice made it possible to obtain qualitatively new positive results: in children with mutism, the possibilities of understanding addressed speech and the formation of non-verbal communication skills have significantly expanded; children with echola-personal speech not only improved their understanding of speech, but also the number of echolalia decreased, skills of spontaneous phrasal speech appeared; children with an automonologist mastered the skills of spontaneous detailed speech in dialogical and monologic forms.
Keywords: autism spectrum disorders, speech therapy support, differentiated approach, mutism, echolalia, automonologist.
1. Bettelheim B. The Empty Fortress: Childhood Autism and the Birth of Y. M: Academic Project, 2013. 488 p. (In Russian)
2. Dobromil Ya. Yu. Preparation of children with autism spectrum disorders for mastering reading and writing in the process of speech therapy support. Integration processes in the system of primary and preschool education: problems of education and training. collection of materials of the international scientific and practical conference. Under the general editorship of T.G. Lukovenko, Khabarovsk: Pacific State University, 2019. pp. 105-109. (In Russian)
3. Dobromil Ya. Yu. Overcoming echolalia in the speech of children with autism spectrum disorders. Voice and communications in the modern world. Materials of the scientific and educational conference dedicated to the International Voice Day. Under the editorship of N.А. Kalugina, E.A. Larina, Khabarovsk: Pacific State University, 2019. pp. 16-21. (In Russian)
4. Dobromil Ya. Yu. Formation of the semantic side of speech in children with autism spectrum disorders in the process of speech therapy support. Organization of psychological and pedagogical support of children in the educational process. Khabarovsk: Pacific State University, 2020, pp. 33-37. (In Russian)
5. Zinovieva V. N., Danilkina A. V. Development of the ability to use personal assets in children with autism spectrum disorders. Kaluga University Bulletin. Series 1. Psychological sciences. Pedagogical sciences. 2020. vol. 3. no. 2(7). pp. 99-103. (In Russian)
6. Ikhsanova S. V. The system of diagnostic and correctional work with autistic pre-schoolchildren. St. Petersburg: Publishing House “Childhood-Press”, 2017. 208 p. (In Russian)
7. Kagan V. E. Autism in children. 2nd ed. Moscow: Smysl, 2020. 384 p.
8. Ladonkina E. V. Experience of speech therapy work with children with autistic spectrum disorders in a preschool educational organization. Bulletin of SEI APE TR “IAS and PRE TR”. Tula educational space. 2018. no. 4/2. pp. 75-78. (In Russian)
9. Morozova S. S. Autism: corrective work in severe and complicated forms. Moscow: VLADOS, 2007. 176 p. (In Russian)
10. Morozova T. I. Characteristics and basic principles of correction of speech disorders in early childhood autism. Defectology. 1990. no. 5. pp. 59-66 (In Russian).
11. Nikolskaya O. S., Baenskaya E. R., Libling M. M. The Autistic Child: Ways to Help. Moscow: Terevinf, 1997. 342 p. (In Russian).
12. Nurieva L. G. Speech development in autistic children: methodical development. Moscow: Terevinf, 2006. 112 p. (In Russian).
13. Peters T. Autism: From Theoretical Understanding to Pedagogical Impact. Moscow: Humanitarian ed. center “VLADOS”, 2003. 238 p. (In Russian).
14. Pogudina M. V., Erema M. E., Dobromil Ya. Yu. Formation of communication skills of preschoolers with general speech underdevelopment in play activity. Generation of the future: the view of young scientists – 2020. Collection of scientific articles of the 9th International Youth Scientific Conference. Kursk, 2020. pp. 107-110. (In Russian)
15. Selivanova Yu. V., Kukharchuk V. P. Modern medical and pedagogical ideas about the problem of children’s autism, its nature and essence. Special education and socio-cultural integration – 2018. Collection of scientific articles of the International Scientific and Practical Conference. ed. O.E. Nesterova, R.M. Shamionova, 2018. Moscow: Pero. pp. 261-270. (In Russian)