Organizational and Methodological Conditions for the Development of Natural Science Literacy of Future Bachelories in Primary Education

DOI: 10.15293/1812-9463.2204.05

УДК 378+372.016:5*40

Olga N. Chernyshova

Novosibirsk State Pedagogical University, Novosibirsk, Russia

Zinaida V. Brodovskaya

Novosibirsk State Pedagogical University, Novosibirsk, Russia

AbstractThe article deals with the problem of preparing students for the formation of the natural science foundations, including ecological literacy, which is relevant for pedagogical university. The solution to this problem is proposed to begin with increasing the natural science literacy of the students themselves, since testing has shown the level of it among first-year students is relatively low. The experience of organizing theoretical training of future bachelors of primary education within the disciplines of the natural science cycle is described. Training should be based on correct scientific information about all levels of the organization of matter, use different forms and methods: the study of natural objects and their models in laboratory conditions, excursions, independent search for information in various sources, its critical analysis. Methodological training is recommended to be carried out based on the available published materials on functional literacy, the study of which facilitates the design of diagnostic tasks, conducting model lessons in practical classes at the university and preparing for lessons taking into account the requirements of the Federal State Educational Standard on pedagogical practice. Independent research in the preparation of term papers and final qualifying papers, writing articles, as well as participation in conferences, subject olympiads and competitions contribute to the development of creative thinking of students. The majority of senior students demonstrate higher level of natural science literacy than at the beginning of their education at the university.

Keywordsnatural science literacy, functional literacy, ecological literacy, junior schoolchildren, students, bachelors, pedagogical education, elementary education, teaching biology, teaching methodology, natural science, scientific knowledge.

For CitationChernyshova O. N., Brodovskaya Z. V. Organizational and Methodological Conditions for the Development of Natural Science Literacy of Future Bachelories in Primary Education. Journal of Pedagogical Innovations, 2022, no. 4 (68), pp. 47–65.
(In Russ.) DOI: https://doi.org/10.15293/1812-9463.2204.05

References

1. Azimov E. G., Shchukin A. N. A new dictionary of methodological terms and concepts (theory and practice of language teaching). Moscow: Ikar Publ., 2009. 448 p. (In Russian)

2. Bezruchenko A. A. Organization of research activities in the surrounding world lessons in primary school. Youth of the XXI century: education, science, innovation: materials of the IX All-Russian Student Scientific and Practical conference with international participation (Novosibirsk, December 2–4, 2020). Novosibirsk: Publishing House of Novosibirsk State Pedagogical University, 2020, part 1, pp. 29–31. (In Russian)

3. Bochkar A. A. The use of methods of scientific cognition by younger schoolchildren in the study of the surrounding world. Youth of the XXI century: education, science, innovation: materials of the IX All-Russian Student Scientific and Practical conference with international participation (Novosibirsk, December 2–4, 2020). Novosibirsk: Publishing House of Novosibirsk State Pedagogical University, 2020, part 1, pp. 55–57. (In Russian)

4. Brodovskaya Z. V. Research work of students in the field of methods of studying the “Surrounding worldˮ [Electronic resource]. CITISE, 2017, no. 3 (12). URL: https://ma123.ru/ru/2017/10/исследовательская-работа-студентов/ (date of access: 25.08.2022). (In Russian)

5. Brodovskaya Z. V. Research work of the Bachelor of Pedagogy on the formation of universal educational actions in younger schoolchildren [Electronic resource] // CITISE, 2021, no. 3 (29), pp. 332–342. URL: https://ma123.ru/wp-content/uploads/2021/09/Brodovskaya_CITISE_3-2021.pdf (date of access: 25.08.2022). (In Russian)

6. Vaigel A. V. The use of active forms of learning in the lessons of the surrounding world. Youth of the XXI century: education, science, innovation: materials of the VIII All-Russian Student Scientific and Practical conference with international participation (Novosibirsk, December 4–6, 2019). Novosibirsk: Publishing House of Novosibirsk State Pedagogical University, 2019, part 1, pp. 56–59. (In Russian)

7. Gorbacheva E. D., Chernyshova O. N. The role of phytoncidal houseplants in the improvement and education of younger schoolchildren. Improving the professional training of future primary school teachers: materials of the scientific and practical conference of graduate students and students of the faculty of primary classes. Novosibirsk: Publishing House of Novosibirsk State Pedagogical University, 2004, pp. 200–205. (In Russian)

8. Guzeev V. V., Novozhilova N. V., Rafaeva A. V. [etc.] Consultations: method of projects. Pedagogical technologies, 2007, no. 7, pp. 105–114. (In Russian)

9. Yerdakov L. N. Continuous ecological education. Novosibirsk: Publishing House of Novosibirsk State Pedagogical University, 2009, 382 p. (In Russian)

10. Yerdakov L. N., Chernyshova O. N. Methodological approaches to the study of ecological material in the first grade of a secondary school. Siberian Pedagogical Journal, 2010, no. 2, pp. 169–177. (In Russian)

11. Yerdakov L. N., Chernyshova O. N. Tasks and questions on ecology for grades 5–8. Part 1. Tasks. Tomsk: Agros Publ., 2007, 84 p. (In Russian)

12. Kovaleva G. S. On the way to solving strategic tasks [Electronic resource]. Bulletin of Education of Russia, 2019, no. 14. URL: http://new.vestniknews.ru/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=4244&Itemid=90 (date of access: 19.08.2022). (In Russian)

13. Kovaleva G. S. What every teacher needs to know about functional literacy [Electronic resource]. Bulletin of Education of Russia, 2019, no. 16, pp. 32–36. URL: http://skiv.instrao.ru/content/board1/Ковалева%20Г.С.%20Что%20необходимо%20знать%20каждому%20учителю%20о%20ФГ.pdf (date of access: 19.08.2022). (In Russian)

14. Kuznetsova Yu. Yu., Brodovskaya Z. V. Healthy teacher – healthy students. Modern directions of psychological and pedagogical support of childhood: materials of the V International scientific and practical conference. Novosibirsk: Publishing House of Novosibirsk State Pedagogical University, 2018, pp. 23–25. (In Russian)

15. Kupriyanova S. G. Features of the formation of natural science literacy of primary school students [Electronic resource]. Education and upbringing, 2021, no. 2 (33), pp. 33–35. URL: https://moluch.ru/th/4/archive/192/6177/ (date of access: 02.08.2022). (In Russian)

16. Nikulnikov A. N. Formation of professional competence among students in the process of summer pedagogical practice. Preparation of bachelors of pedagogy for the implementation of educational activities in elementary school: a collective monograph. Novosibirsk: Publishing House of Novosibirsk State Pedagogical University, 2020, pp. 38–48. (In Russian)

17. PISA model assessment dynamics of results 2019–2020 [Electronic resource]. URL: https://fioco.ru/Media/Default/Documents/МСИ/Динамика-результатов-2019-2020.pdf (date of access: 19.08.2022). (In Russian)

18. The educational system “School 2100ˮ. Pedagogy of common sense: collection of materials, under the scientific editorship of A. A. Leontiev. Moscow: Balass Publ., RAE Publishing House, 2003, 368 p. (In Russian)

19. Pentin A. Yu., Kovaleva G. S., Davydova E. I., Smirnova E. S. The state of natural science education in the Russian school according to the results of international studies TIMSS and PISA. Education issues, 2018, no. 1, pp. 79–109. (In Russian)

20. Perminova L. M. Natural-scientific literacy: a didactic approach. Innovations in education, 2017, no. 3, pp. 52–60. (In Russian)

21. Plotnikova A. A. The role of the textbook of the surrounding world in the formation of theoretical thinking of younger schoolchildren. Youth of the XXI century: education, science, innovation: materials of the IX All-Russian Student Scientific and Practical conference with international participation (Novosibirsk, December 2–4, 2020). Novosibirsk: Publishing House of Novosibirsk State Pedagogical University, 2020, part 1, pp. 283–285. (In Russian)

22. Raikov B. E., Rimsky-Korsakov M. N. Zoological excursions [Electronic resource]. 6th ed., cor. and add. Leningrad: Uchpedgiz. Leningradskoe otdelenie, 1956, 694 p. URL: http://elib.gnpbu.ru/text/raykov_zoologicheskie-ekskursii_1956/ (date of access: 19.08.2022). (In Russian)

23. Telkova K. P. Formation of younger schoolchildrenʼs ideas about cause-and-effect relationships in nature in ecology classes. Youth of the XXI century: education, science, innovation: materials of the X All-Russian Student Scientific and Practical Conference with international participation (Novosibirsk, December 8–10, 2021). Novosibirsk: Publishing House of Novosibirsk State Pedagogical University, 2021, part 1, pp. 284–285. (In Russian)

24. Federal state educational standards of primary and basic general education. Moscow: VAKO Publ., 2022, 160 p. (In Russian)

25. Functional literacy of a junior schoolboy. Moscow: Prosveshchenie Publ., Ventana-Graf Publ., 2018, 288 p. (In Russian)

26. Formation of functional literacy of younger schoolchildren [Electronic resource]. URL: https://nsportal.ru/user/974601/page/formirovanie-funktsionalnoy-gramotnosti-mladshih-shkolnikov (date of access: 19.08.2022). (In Russian)

27. Chernyshova O. N. The need to solve text problems in botany at school and university. Botanical research in Asian Russia: materials of the XI Congress of the Russian Botanical Society (Novosibirsk – Barnaul, August 18–22, 2003). Barnaul, 2003, tom 3, pp. 425–426. (In Russian)

28. Chernyshova O. N. Theoretical and methodological aspects of preparing students for environmental education and management of environmental activities of junior schoolchildren. Preparation of bachelors of pedagogy for the implementation of educational activities in elementary school: a collective monograph. Novosibirsk: Publishing House of Novosibirsk State Pedagogical University, 2020, pp. 87–96. (In Russian)

29. Chernyshova O. N. The effectiveness of environmental education of students in conditions of distance learning. Modern directions of psychological and pedagogical support for childhood: materials of the VIII International scientific and practical conference (Novosibirsk, February 18–19, 2021). Novosibirsk: Publishing House of Novosibirsk State Pedagogical University, 2021, pp. 41–44. (In Russian)

30. Yarovaya E. A. A comprehensive approach to the formation of mathematical and natural science literacy of primary school students. Journal of Pedagogical Innovations, 2021, no. 3 (63), pp. 35–53. (In Russian)

Information about the Authors

Olga N. Chernyshova – Candidate of Biological Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of Pedagogy and Methods of Primary Education, Novosibirsk State Pedagogical University, Novosibirsk, Russia, https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8107-7437, onik@ngs.ru

Zinaida V. Brodovskaya – Candidate of Pedagogical Sciences, Associate Professor, Head of the Department of Pedagogy and Methods of Primary Education, Novosibirsk State Pedagogical University, Novosibirsk, Russia, https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7413-5288, zina3010@mail.ru