Deviant Behavior of Schoolchildren: Problems and Solutions

Original article

DOI: 10.15293/1812-9463.2401.09


Elena V. Feshkova

Secondary school no. 1 named after Admiral Kholostyakov, Gelendzhik, Russia

Anna A. Grebenkina

Novosibirsk State University of Architecture, Design and Arts named after A. D. Kryachkov, Novosibirsk, Russia

Evgeny V. Grebenkin

Branch of the Southern Federal University, Gelendzhik, Russia


AbstractIntroduction. The authors investigate the problem of deviant behavior of schoolchildren, which is still relevant at the present time, which is associated with new approaches to studying the factors of social adaptation and development of child’s personality through education, since in certain sense it creates this space and affects his social activity. Methodology. Deviant behavior of schoolchildren is studied from the perspective of personal approach in the context of psychological and pedagogical aspects of the prevention of destructive behavior. Results. The authors note that currently schools are gradually moving beyond the exclusively educational paradigm, so there is an increased interest in reviving the idea of education with an emphasis on traditional values and patriotism. It is extremely difficult to reintegrate underachieving, problematic students into the school environment, for this it is necessary to change the mentality of teachers and the school education system as whole, focused not only on leaders, but also outsiders. Within the framework of this article, an attempt is made to describe in detailed form the whole range of problems that accumulate among minors in family and school settings. Conclusion. In order to successfully combat various kinds of deviations of schoolchildren, it is necessary to know the real causes of maladaptation in order to improve the quality of psychological and pedagogical impact on child development.

Keywords: schoolchildren, learned helplessness, deviation, deviant behavior, school absenteeism, school failure, labeling, norms, values.

For Citation: Feshkova E. V., Grebenkina A. A., Grebenkin Е. V. Deviant Behavior of Schoolchildren: Problems and Solutions. Journal of Pedagogical Innovations, 2024, no. 1 (73), pp. 106–115. (In Russ.) DOI:



1. Bazhenov V. G., Bazhenova V. P. Psychological mechanisms for correcting deviant behavior of schoolchildren. Rostov-on-Don: Feniks Publ., 2007, 320 p. (In Russian)

2. Goneev A. D. Prevention and pedagogical correction of deviant behavior of adolescents. Kursk, 1998, 140 p. (In Russian)

3. Dozortseva E. G. Psychological trauma in adolescents with behavior problems. Diagnostics and correction. Moscow: Genesis Publ, 2006, 128 p. (In Russian)

4. Zhukova M. V., Shishkina K. I., Lyamagina A. N., Frolova E. V., Volchegorskaya E. Yu. The relationship between personality traits of education students and the degree of their Internet addiction. Science for Education Today, 2023, vol. 13, no. 3, pp. 28–43. (In Russian) DOI:

5. Kleiberg Yu. A. Deviant behavior in questions and answers: textbook for universities. 2nd ed., erased. Moscow: Publishing house of Moscow Psychological and Social Institute, 2008, 304 p. (In Russian)

6. Kovalchuk M. A., Tarkhanova I. Yu. Deviant behavior. Prevention, correction, rehabilitation. Moscow: Vlados Publ., 2022, 476 p. (In Russian)

7. Kurt Lewin: studies of living space [Electronic resource]. Frager R., Fadiman J. Theories of personality and personal growth. Moscow: Olma-Press Publ., 2004. URL: (date of access: 09.11.2023). (In Russian)

8. Lokalova N. P. School failure: causes, psychocorrection, psychoprophylaxis. Saint Petersburg: Piter Publ., 2009, 368 p. (In Russian)

9. Makushkin E. V. Aggressive, criminal behavior in children and adolescents with developmental disabilities. Moscow: Medicinskoe informacionnoe agentstvo Publ., 2021, 240 p. (In Russian)

10. Matuszak A. F., Pavlova O. Yu., Akhkamova Yu. A., Bespalova D. S., Lapshina L. M., Sheremetyeva E. V., Tsilitsky V. S. The system of preparing future teachers for providing moral education of schoolchildren within the digital learning environment: A comparative analysis of undergraduates and academics’ evaluative opinions. Science for Education Today, 2023, vol. 13, no. 4, pp. 7–29. (In Russian) DOI:

11. Mlodik I. Yu. School and how to survive in it: the view of a humanistic psychologist. Moscow: Genesis, 2011, 184 p. (In Russian)

12. Nichishina T. V. Prevention of deviant behavior of minors in school and family: a manual for teachers. Minsk: Nacionalʼnyj institut obrazovaniya Publ., 2018, 248 p. (In Russian)

13. Pedagogical psychology: reader. Comp. V. N. Karandashev, N. V. Nosova, O. N. Shchepelina. Saint Petersburg: Piter Publ., 2006, 412 p. (In Russian)

14. Petrovskaya V. Dysfunctionality of the marital dyad and adolescent behavior. Moscow: LAP Publ., 2020, 272 p. (In Russian)

15. Psychotherapy of children and adolescents. Ed. H. Remschmidt. Moscow: Mir Publ., 2000, 656 p. (In Russian)

16. Rozhdestvenskaya N. A. Deviant behavior and the basics of its prevention in adolescents: textbook. Moscow: Terevinf Publ., 2021, 135 p. (In Russian)

17. Tseluiko V. M. Psychology of a dysfunctional family: a book for teachers and parents. Moscow: Vlados-Press Publ., 2004, 272 p. (In Russian)

18. Shcherbinina O. S., Grushetskaya I. N., Zakharova Z. A. The investigation of psychological-pedagogical conditions for the solution of socio-cultural socialization tasks of gifted adolescents. Science for Education Today, 2023, vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 7–24. DOI:

19. Cheng Yu., Tseng P., Lin P., Chen T., Stubbs B., Carvalho A., Wu C., Chen Ye., Wu M. Internet Addiction and Its Relationship with Suicidal Behaviors: A Meta-Analysis of Multinational Observational Studies. The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 2018, vol. 79, issue 4. DOI:

20. González-Cabrera J., Tourón J., Ortega-Barón J., Montiel I., Machimbarrena J. M. Are Gifted Students More Victimized than Nongifted Students? A Comparison in Prevalence and Relation to Psychological Variables in Early Adolescence. The Journal of Early Adolescence, 2023, vol. 43, issue 1, pp. 90–109. DOI:

21. Svanberg M., Bergh D. Effects of Gamification in a Teacher Education Program, 2010 to 2020. SAGE Open, 2023, vol. 13, issue 1. DOI:

Information about the Authors

Elena V. Feshkova – Honorary Worker of General Education of the Russian Federation, Director, Secondary School no. 1 named after Admiral Kholostyakov, Gelendzhik, Russia,,

Anna A. Grebenkina – Candidate of Pedagogical Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of Humanitarian and Socio-Economic Disciplines, Novosibirsk State University of Architecture, Design and Arts named after A. D. Kryachkov, Novosibirsk, Russia,,

Evgeny V. Grebenkin – Candidate of Pedagogical Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of Natural and Humanitarian Disciplines, Branch of the Southern Federal University, Gelendzhik, Russia,,

Authorsʼ contribution: Authors have all made an equivalent contribution to preparing the article for publication.

The authors declare no conflict of interest.

Received: 16.11.2023; approved after peer review: 01.02.2024; accepted for publication: 09.02.2024.